London is the capital and most crowded city of England and the United Kingdom. Standing on the River Thames in the southeast of the island of Great Britain, London has been a noteworthy settlement for two centuries. Londinium was established by the Romans.The City of London, London’s old center − covering a region of only 1.12 square miles (2.9 km2) and nicknamed the Square Mile − holds its medieval boundaries. The City of Westminster is an Inner London precinct which likewise holds city status. It possesses a great part of the focal zone of Greater London including the vast majority of the West End. It is toward the west of the City of London. More noteworthy London is represented by the Mayor of London and the London Assembly.
London is one of the main worldwide cities in expressions of the human experience, trade, training, diversion, mold, back, social insurance, media, proficient administrations, innovative work, tourism and transportation. It is the world’s biggest budgetary centre and has the fifth or 6th biggest metropolitan region GDP in the world. London is frequently viewed as a world social capital. It is the world’s most-visited city as estimated by universal arrivals and has the world’s biggest city airplane terminal framework estimated by traveler traffic. It is the world’s driving venture destination, facilitating more global retailers and ultra high-total assets individuals than some other city. London’s colleges shape the biggest convergence of advanced education organizations in Europe. In 2012, London turned into the main city to have facilitated three current Summer Olympic Games.
London has a different scope of individuals and societies, and in excess of 300 dialects are talked in the region. Its evaluated mid-2016 civil populace (relating to Greater London) was 8,787,892, the biggest of any city in the European Union and representing 13.4% of the UK population. London’s urban zone is the second most crowded in the EU, after Paris, with 9,787,426 tenants at the 2011 census. The city’s metropolitan territory is the most crowded in the EU with 14,040,163 occupants in 2016, while the Greater London Authority expresses the number of inhabitants in the city-area as 22.7 million. London was the world’s most crowded city from around 1831 to 1925.
London contains four World Heritage Sites: the Tower of London; Kew Gardens; the site involving the Palace of Westminster, Westminster Abbey, and St Margaret’s Church; and the notable settlement of Greenwich (in which the Royal Observatory, Greenwich characterizes the Prime Meridian, 0° longitude, and GMT). Other milestones incorporate Buckingham Palace, the London Eye, Piccadilly Circus, St Paul’s Cathedral, Tower Bridge, Trafalgar Square and The Shard. London is home to various historical centers, exhibitions, libraries, brandishing occasions and other social foundations, including the British Museum, National Gallery, Natural History Museum, Tate Modern, British Library and West End theatres. The London Underground is the most seasoned underground railroad organize on the planet.